The History of Coffee




コーヒーの歴史をちょっとだけご紹介します。     created by  m.k


Choose the correct answer.


1. The coffee tree probably originated in the province of Kaffa, in the area known today as ______________.

a) Brazil b) Kenya c) Ethiopia
2. There is evidence to suggest that coffee trees were cultivated in monastery gardens ______________ years ago, 
and commercial cultivation followed, although the first reports of this, from the Yemen, were not recorded until the fifteenth century.
a) 10 b) 100 c) 1000
3.The first coffee houses were opened in ______________, where coffee drinking was initially encouraged, and quickly spread throughout the Arab world.
a) Sao Paulo b) Mecca c) Tokyo
4.Trade in coffee, a much-prized commodity, was jealously guarded by the Arabs who would not allow                to visit their coffee plantations, nor fertile coffee beans to be taken out of the country. 
a)  Japanese b)  foreigners c) American
5.However, seed-beans or plant cuttings were eventually taken out of Arabia and cultivated in the Dutch colonies in ______________ and Java.
a) Canada b) India c) Singapore
6.The Dutch became the main suppliers of coffee to Europe, with ______________ its trading centre.
a) Rotterdam b) Utrecht c) Amsterdam
7.Venetian traders first brought coffee to______________ in 1615, and 30 years later a coffee house or 'café' was opened in Venice.
a) Europe b) Asia c) Oceania
8.The growth of popular coffee houses, which became favourite meeting places for both social and business purposes, spread from the mid-______________ century to other European countries including Austria, France, Germany, Holland and England.
a) 15th b) 17th c) 19th
9.Lloyd's of London, the largest insurance market in the world, began life as a coffee house in 1688. From Europe coffee was taken to ______________ and the last three hundred years have seen coffee make its way around the world, establishing itself in the economies and lifestyles of the main trading nations. 
a) U.S.A. b) Russia c) China
10.Coffee is now one of the most valuable              commodities in the world, often second in value only to oil as a source of foreign exchange to developing countries. Millions of people around the world earn their living from it. 
a)  primary  b) secondary c) third